Maroons in New Nanny Town, Jamaica: The word maroon means escaped slave and comes from a Spanish word meaning mountaineers. The slaves escaped from their plantations to the mountains and formed independent communities of free people.
Born in Kingston, Jamaica, Clive Thompson began his dance career when he joined Ivy Baxter's Dance Company, Jamaica's first modern dance troupe. He studied traditional West Indian, modern dance and ballet. In 1960, he moved to California, and that same year, he received a scholarship to study at the Martha Graham School in New York City, and started dancing with Graham's company in 1961. From 1965 to 1967 he was a member of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater.