First adopted in 1873, the Trapdoor Springfield was the standard service arm of the US Army from 1873 until the 1890’s. Essentially the trapdoor was a conversion of older Springfield muskets from the Civil War, although a large number were produced on their own. To operate the trapdoor the user had to open the breech and insert a cartridge each time before firing.
Columbia Club House. Manila, Philippines Islands. 1910
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Hanging Manila hemp to dry, Philippines, early 20th Century