A Near White Jade Bowl, having an opened lotus blossom at center with scrolling branches curled around the center bowl of scrolling leaves and blossoms as well as a phoenix, raised upon a fitted wood stand with carved floral decoration.
Jade (Yu in Chinese pinyin) was defined as beautiful stones by Xu Zhen (about 58-147) in Shuo Wen Jie Zi, the first Chinese dictionary. The history of jade is as long as the Chinese civilization. The Chinese love jade because of not only its beauty, but also more importantly its culture, meaning and humanity, as Confucius (551 BC - 479 BC) said there are 11 De (virtue) in jade. Jade symbolizes beauty, nobility, perfection, constancy, power, and immortality in Chinese culture.