Ulisse Aldrovandi, Monstrorum Historia (History of Monsters) late 1500s, a compendium of monstrous and human hybrid races. Here shown are the Cynocephali, dog-head humans said to inhabit a island in the far East. Not monsters in the sense of inspiring horror or fear; these monstrous races were emblems of and unknown world and God's ability to create wondrous creatures.
The tradition of drawings of dragons derived from Chinese art took a root in Iran under Timurid and Turkman rule during the fifteenth century. Dragons were a popular subject for drawings in Ottoman Empire executed in the so-called saz style, named for the saz qalami, or reed pen. Drawing attributed to Shah Quli, a Persian who became a leading painter at the court of the Ottoman sultan Süleyman the Magnificent (r. 1520–66).