Plump and young lady taking the fresh air in the morning: she is dressed in a "flourishing tail" or "rounded rump" Polonaise* with very expansive wings, the whole trimmed with wide bands of gathered linen. These polonaises, much more ample than the others, perfectly suit people whom nature has given a nice roundness or whose pregnancy will soon show.
Galerie des Modes, 7e Cahier, 2e Figure Polonaise Gown, hooded, of unpatterned material. (1778)
"Deshabillé de taffetas blanc, bordure de taffetas rose chiné, soulier rose bordé de verd anglais à rosettes, mantelet de taffetas blanc garni de gaze de fantaisie, bonnet négligé, le ruban rose tigré sur un chien couchant à 2 grosses boucles", Gallerie des Modes, 1779; MFA 44.1419
One must not omit the Tronchin cane,* also known as a high rod, which since 1770 has taken such favor among people of the fair sex. The cane is always incompatible with the grande parure, and always characterizes demi-négligé dress.
A French fashion Plate from 1780's featuring what appears to be a true polonaise.
"Negligée polonaise: these gowns fasten simply over the chest like the current polonaises,* not extended to the waist, having long wings and a very short tail.The polonaise shown in the Print is trimmed with a large band in box pleats, with a narrow, spotted ribbon placed in the center; the first head in box pleats, the second in poufs. On the shoulders, a kerchief à la Genlis, knotted in front, under a gauze contentement, called the "comet with two tails. English cap, in organ pleats."
18th Century Gown
MFA: Gallerie des Modes et Costumes Français. 16e. Cahier des Costumes Français, 10e Suite d'Habillemens à la mode. Q.96 "Jolie Femme coëffée dun Bonnet à la Nouvelle Paysanne ..." French, 1778 Designed by Claude-Louis Desrais, French, 1746–1816 Engraver Charles Emmanuel Jean Baptiste Patas, French, 1744–1802 Publisher Esnauts et Rapilly, French, 18th century France Dimensions Medium or Technique Hand-colored engraving on laid paper