FELIX EDMUNDOVICH DZERZHINSKY (1877 – 1926), nicknamed Iron Felix, was a Soviet statesman of Polish descent and a prominent member of revolutionary movements. Dzerzhinsky is best known for establishing and developing the Soviet secret police forces, serving as their director from 1917 to 1926.The Cheka soon became notorious for mass summary executions, performed especially during the Red Terror and the Russian Civil War.
Two mass deportations of Latvians to Siberia were conducted during the Soviet era. The first was in 1941. Sunday marked its 74th anniversary. Black ribbons were attached to Latvian flags throughout Riga in honor of its victims. According to the Latvian Foreign Ministry, during the second mass deportation in 1949, more than 42,000 Latvians were sent to labor camps and administrative settlements constructed to house family members of "enemies of the people."
TIME Magazine Cover: Nikita Khrushchev, Man the Year -- Jan. 6, 1958-January 31, 1955-speech-The Soviet leadership discusses the state of Soviet foreign affairs. Khrushchev reviews Soviet policy after Stalin's death, blaming Molotov and Malenkov for mistakes in Soviet policy towards Germany. The role of executed Soviet leader Lavrentii Beria was also discussed.
The NKVD prisoner massacres were a series of mass executions committed by the Soviet NKVD secret police against prisoners in Eastern Europe during World War II, primarily Poland, Ukraine, the Baltic states, Bessarabia and other parts of the Soviet Union from which the Red Army was withdrawing ahead of the German invasion in 1941.
Hitler, like Stalin, was a victim of his own preconceptions, but, in contrast to Stalin, he was ill-served by his intelligence services. Suffering from what the Japanese, from bitter experience, would call “victory disease,” the Germans overestimated their own capabilities, even as they underestimated the Soviet capacity to resist. In July 1942, one year after the start of the campaign, Hitler admitted as much to Marshal Carl Gustav Mannerheim, the Finnish military leader, on a visit to…