FELIX EDMUNDOVICH DZERZHINSKY (1877 – 1926), nicknamed Iron Felix, was a Soviet statesman of Polish descent and a prominent member of revolutionary movements. Dzerzhinsky is best known for establishing and developing the Soviet secret police forces, serving as their director from 1917 to 1926.The Cheka soon became notorious for mass summary executions, performed especially during the Red Terror and the Russian Civil War.
The NKVD prisoner massacres were a series of mass executions committed by the Soviet NKVD secret police against prisoners in Eastern Europe during World War II, primarily Poland, Ukraine, the Baltic states, Bessarabia and other parts of the Soviet Union from which the Red Army was withdrawing ahead of the German invasion in 1941.
Soviet People And Collective Farms
Beria with Stalin in the background and Stalin's daughter Svetlana-Lavrenti Pavlovich Beria was a Georgian, like Stalin, who called him ‘my Himmler’. Involved in revolutionary activities from his teens and head of the secret police in Georgia in his twenties, he supervised the ruthless 1930s purges in the region and arrived in Moscow in 1938 as deputy to Nikolai Yezhov, ‘the blood-thirsty dwarf’, head of the Soviet secret police. He soon succeeded Yezhov, who was shot on Stalin’s orders…
Leningrad-Most of the evidence indicates that Stalin indeed expected Hitler to turn eastwards - but only after Britain had been subdued. To him it made no sense for Germany to fight on two fronts; so the USSR still had time to prepare for war. What Stalin failed to recognize was that it was precisely this weakness that gave Hitler every reason to crush the Soviet Union as soon as possible.
Feb 1937 : Prison photo of 27 year old Tamara Litsinskaya after her arrest for being a follower of Trotskyism, Moscow, USSR. Tamara was executed on August 25th 1937 Between 1936 to 1938, many people were arrested for alleged crimes in USSR, then executed and buried in mass graves in secret places known as the Great Purge. Many Liberal Socialists, Marxists, Anarchists, Army commanders and Trotskyist were executed. It was the most brutal era of Stalinism in USSR