Incurable Thromboangiitis Obliterans or Buerger's Disease is a recurring progressive inflammation and thrombosis (clotting) of small and medium arteries and veins of the hands and feet. It is strongly associated with use of tobacco products, primarily from smoking, but also from smokeless tobacco.
Terrifying Vintage Surgical Tools
Skull Saw (1830s-60s) This hand-cranked saw’s blades were used to cut through sections of the skull, allowing for access by other instruments.
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Born in 938 ce just north of Córdoba in Al Zahra, the royal city of Abdulrahman iii, Abu al-Qasim Khalaf ibn al-’Abbas was known to contemporaries as al-Zahrawi, and his name was Latinized to Albucasis. While little is known for certain about his personal life, his surgical acumen was unprecedented.
Stretching for Health
surgery tools of the civil war
Trephination set, cased, London, England, 1771-1800. This trephination set had all the necessary equipment to perform surgery on the skull. Also known as trepanation, it is surgical practice with ancient origins. This is a nine-piece set containing forceps, an elevator for lifting up bone fragments, a lenticular to depress brain material during surgery, a brush, a rugine to scrape the covering surface of bones which attach to muscles and tendons, and a trephine with three bits and a key to…
Incan Trepanation - these skulls show evidence of brain surgery, in which a piece of the skull was chipped out, part of the brain removed, and the hole covered by beaten metal. photo by Thomas Quine