Santo Trafficante, Jr. (November 15, 1914 – March 17, 1987) was one of the last of the old-time Mafia bosses in the United States. He allegedly controlled organized criminal operations in Florida and Cuba, which had previously been consolidated from several rival gangs by his father, Santo Trafficante, Sr. Reputedly the most powerful mafioso in Batista-era Cuba, he never served time in a United States prison.
Salvatore Lo Piccolo is a Sicilian mafioso and one of the most powerful bosses of Palermo, Sicily. With the capture of Bernardo Provenzano on April 11, 2006 Lo Piccolo became boss of the Sicilian Mafia until his own arrest on November 5, 2007.
After World War II, Lucky Luciano was released early from prison because of his "aiding the American war effort." Luciano was immediately deported to Italy where he continued to run his crime family in America.