Photographer: Brent Stirton. The Xhosa people of South Africa are probably best known for their most famous son, Nelson Mandela, but many Xhosa live far from the modern world, deep in the Transkei region on the country’s Eastern Cape. This picture captures the most important adventure in these boys’ lives – their initiation into manhood, which involves five weeks of isolation
Africa | Xhosa Teens, initiated into manhood in a centuries-old circumcision ritual called ulwaluko, stay in seclusion outside their Eastern Cape village, wrapped in ceremonial blankets and painted with white clay for purification. Hospital surgeries reduce the infection rate, but many boys opt for the old rite. | Photograph by James Nachtwey, National Geographic
Yaghan tribe, are one of the indigenous peoples of the Southern Cone, who are regarded as the southernmost peoples in the world. Their traditional territory includes the islands south of Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, extending their presence into Cape Horn. They have been there for more than 10,000 years.