At his request, Jeremy Bentham's body was preserved after his death and put on display. The mummification of the head left it rather macabre, so a wax head was used in it's place. The real head sat on the floor between Bentham's feet for many years. http://www.cultofweird.com/medical/jeremy-bentham-auto-icon/
archivalia: v f-featherbrain: Back cover of the Lindau Gospel. Carolingian, late 8th century. Silver gilt, garnet and enamel. From Attila to Charlemagne: Arts of the Early Medieval Period in The Metropolitan Museum of Art The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000 l
The 8 Most Painful Torture Devices Of The Middle Ages
Judas Cradle - Similar to the wooden horse, the Judas cradle was a pyramid shaped and sharpened device, on which a victim was lowered via ropes. As the victim was lowered, the device would slowly tear open their anus, vulva or scrotum. Though the device is often attributed to the Spanish Inquisition, there is evidence that it existed before this time as part of carnival sideshows.