Inshiniya of the Order of Christ. Rococco c 1780, Portugal, gold, silver, diamond, ruby, emerald. The Order of Christ founded 1532 as the prestigious rank of Portugal, which was intended to involve the authority dedicated to the royal family with limited to Roman Catholics.
The front of the cross is set with table cut diamonds in plain gold rimmed settings, and where the arms and upright meet at the centre there are stylised enamelled lilies, echoing those at the four extremities. The back is enamelled with a pattern of flowers and leaves in colours on a white ground. Spain or Austria, c. 1620. Click for source and additional commentary by Diana Scarisbrick