The main training schools for gladiators were in Capua, south of Rome. Some gladiators were volunteers (mostly freedmen or very low classes of freeborn men) who chose to take on the status of a slave for the monetary rewards or the fame and excitement. Anyone who became a gladiator was automatically infamis, beneath the law and by definition not a respectable citizen. A small number of upper-class men competed in the arena but they constituted a special, esoteric form of entertainment
Battle of gladiators against the wildcats, detail depicting a gladiator running through a wildcat, 320 AD (mosaic), Roman, (4th century AD) / Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy / Alinari / The Bridgeman Art Library
Triclinium wall fresco in Villa dei Misteri, Pompeii (rediscovered in 1748 after eruption of Mt. Vesuvius on August 24, 79 A.D.)
Battle between Gladiators, detail of a gladiator pinning another to the ground, 320 AD (mosaic), Roman, (4th century AD) / Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy / Alinari / The Bridgeman Art Library
From the “Gladiator Mosaic,” from the 4th century CE, outside Rome. Each of the 33 pictured gladiators (this is a close-up) is named.
Espartano legend of the cryptids
Gladiators were depicted by the kind of armor they wore, weapons used and how they fought.
Ancient Rome Military History | ancient roman siege weapons: hebrustan
In ancient Roman it was thought epilepsy could be cured by drinking a slain gladiator's blood. It was believed that the gladiator's strength and healthy vitality would be transferred to the epileptic. It was thought the blood must be consumed immediately before these qualities dissipated. Pliny in his "Natural History" wrote that some epileptics found it more effective to reach the gladiator before he died and vigorously gulp his blood as it spurted from his wounds. LANISTA AND THE THRACIAN
This mosaic found in Smirat (vicinity of Sousse) is an exceptional document on the organisation of amphitheatre games. Second half of IIIrd century AD