Liao Dynasty (c. 907-1125 CE) Medium: Gold Size: Dragon crown) University of Bern
The Manchu khan, Nurhachi, ruthlessly brought the Manchurian clans together and in 1618 attacked the Imperial Ming armies north of Beijing. Two decades of conflict brought down the Ming rulers and in 1644 Nurhachi’s grandson became the first emperor of the Ch’ing dynasty. The Manchus ruled China for nearly 270 years. Nurhachi was known as the Grandfather of the Manchu empire.
Full length color image of Tzu-An Empress aka. Empress Niuhulu, by George Stuart.
Manchurian Airlines Air Service Between Shinkyo and Ra-nan (