Full length color image of Tzu-An Empress aka. Empress Niuhulu, by George Stuart.
The Manchu khan, Nurhachi, ruthlessly brought the Manchurian clans together and in 1618 attacked the Imperial Ming armies north of Beijing. Two decades of conflict brought down the Ming rulers and in 1644 Nurhachi’s grandson became the first emperor of the Ch’ing dynasty. The Manchus ruled China for nearly 270 years. Nurhachi was known as the Grandfather of the Manchu empire.
大東亜共栄圏 - Google 検索
Minami Manshū Tetsudō Kabushiki Kaisha = South Manchuria Railway [Two boys] :: Rare Books and Manuscripts Collection
Japanese woodblock illustration of a Naval Battle - Russo-Japanese War, 1904, By Toshihide Migita 1863-1925.