The oiran (attended by two maids) arose in the Edo period (1600–1868). Oiran rank was established after the tayū (highest level) and koshi (second level) ranks' glory dwindled. They were categorized based on their beauty, character, education, and artistic ability.
Cherry Blossoms and Chrysanthemums 1910s. Two Maiko (Apprentice Geisha) wearing Autumn ensembles. The girl on the left-hand side of the picture is wearing a classic combination of Sakura (cherry blossom) and Momiji (maple leaves), together with a Rangiku (spider chrysanthemum) Eri (inside collar), while the girl on the right-hand side of the picture is wearing Kiku (chrysanthemums) and Kikyou (Chinese bellflower).