Herbal Correspondences & More! | The Planet Venus has been given many names throughout history. It has been called the evening and the morning star, the dawn star, Eosphorus, Hesperus and Lucifer. It is the planet closest to Earth and has been called Earth's sister planet, even her twin. It is easily seen in the sky in the evening and morning and is the brightest "star" in the heavens. It was second only to the sun and the moon in significance by the reckoning of many ancient cultures.