1970. The Logically Unified Mechanical Performer, LUMP. Notice the safety shield, which protects bystanders from the potentially lethal radiation from the 5 mega volt cathode ray tube as well as possible explosion
From the invention of computer programming languages up to the mid-1980s, many if not most computer programmers created, edited and stored their programs line by line on punched cards. The practice was nearly universal with IBM computers in the era.