Vogelhert Cave -- 35,000 Year-Old Mammoth Figurine -- Length: 37 mm; Weight: 7.5 grams -- Carved from mammoth ivory, this figurine is one of the oldest know pieces of individual artwork in the archaeological record. Click through for the article in its entirety.
Bone horse head; ca. 12,000 BCE. The structure of the bone did not allow for carving in the round, and the reverse side is flat. Abri du Roc-aux-Sorciers, cave Taillebourg, Angles-sur-L'Anglin (Vienne, France).
The Grotte de Rouffignac is home to over a hundred engravings and line-drawings of mammoths. ... The images date back to ... about 13000 years BP. The cave is over eight kilometers long. ... There are over 250 images in total and 158 of these are mammoths. ... Representations of mammoths are quite rare in prehistoric art." ("Mammoth bones are rarely found in south-west France.") Other drawings include "horses, bison and ibex and even a rhinoceros." - photo from northofthedordogne
Mammoth Ivory Ice-Age Flute (43,000 years ago) ~ Second world’s oldest known musical instruments has been discovered by German archaeologists. The 18.7-centimetre-long flute, which is carved from mammoth ivory, has three finger holes and would have been capable of playing relatively complex melodies.