Karrel Appel and a group of young Dutch artists set up the Dutch Experimental Group in Amsterdam. The Group publishes the periodical Reflex and some months later merges with the Danish and Belgian artists to become the International Cobra group. It is founded on November 8, at the Café de l'Hotel Notre Dame in Paris, by Dotremont and Noiret (Belgium), Jorn (Denmark), Appel, Constant and Corneille (The Netherlands). Later, Alechinsky (Belgium) joins the group.
Farmer with Donkey and Bucket Karel Appel (1921-2006) was a Dutch painter, sculptor, and poet. He started painting at the age of fourteen and studied at the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam in the 1940s. He was one of the founders of the avant-garde movement Cobra in 1948.