there are 9 basic principles that underlie japanese art they are called aesthetics, or concepts that answer the question: what is art? the 9 aesthetics are: wabi-sabi (imperfect), miyabi (elegance, ) shibui (subtle,) Iki (originality), jo-ha-kyu (slow, accelerate, end), yugen (mysterious), geido (discipline and ethics,) enso (the void), kawaii (cute.) pinned from Leslie Miller/Ruby Serben.
Japanese poem by Kiyohara no Fukayabu from Ogura 100 poems (early 13th century) 夏の夜は まだ宵ながら 明けぬるを 雲のいづこに 月やどるらむ "In the summer night / The evening still seems present, / But the dawn is here / To what region of the clouds / Has the wandering moon come home?" (calligraphy by yopiko)