WWII: A Luftwaffe pilot showing off his kills. Possibly because of the sheer level of danger in dogfights and bombing raids, many airmen on both sides of the War, kept similar tallies on their planes. Keeping track of enemy planes downed means keeping track of the number of times one survived.
Manfred von Richthofen petting his dog on an airfield. Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen (5/2/1892-4/21/1918), also widely known as the Red Baron, was a German fighter pilot with the Imperial German Army Air Service (Luftstreitkräfte) during World War I. He is considered the top ace of that war, being officially credited with 80 air combat victories.
*Late 1930's - German, Austrian and Czechoslovakian children of Jewish descent were permitted to leave their countries and families on the Kindertransport; a train bound for Britain. These children ranged in age from infant to 17 and were placed with families in Britain. Many never saw their parents again.