Norwegian archeologist Anne Stine Moe Ingstad (1918-1997) discovered the remains of a Norse settlement in Newfoundland and was author of The Norse Discovery of America (1977). In this photograph distributed by the National Geographic Society, Ingstad "examines a fire pit at the site of what is believed to be a Norse house dating from about A.D. 1000".
This is an 1804 copy of perhaps the first ‘modern’ world map, made by the Venetian monk Fra Mauro in about 1450. It points south because 15th-century compasses were south-pointing. It shows the Portuguese discoveries in Africa and questioned the authority of medieval and classical sources. Intended for display in Venice, it emphasizes the feats of Marco Polo. The British East India Company commissioned this copy, thus implying that Britain was heir to the Portuguese empire.