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In Babylonia, in place of the bas-relief, there was greater use of three-dimensional figures—the earliest examples being the Statues of Gudea, that are realistic if somewhat clumsy.-Statues of Gudea

Taweret, Late Period (ca. 712–332 b.c.) Egyptian Faience Taweret and other closely related goddesses were created from a blending of lion, hippo, crocodile, and human attributes. The three animals were some of the fiercest species found in ancient Egypt and combining their strengths produced a most potent deity and therefore amulet. Taweret's particular responsibility was the protection of women during pregnancy and childbirth.

Statue of Gudea, c. 2143-2142 BC Neo-Sumerian, Iraq, Girsu, 2143-2124 BC dolerite

Striding figure with ibex horns, a raptor skin draped around the shoulders, and upturned boots Period: Proto-Elamite Date: ca. 3000 B.C. Geography: Mesopotamia or Iran Culture: Proto-Elamite Medium: Copper alloy Dimensions: H. 17.5 cm (6 7/8 in.) W. 5.4 cm ( 2 1/8 in.)

A Magnificent and Important Proto-Elamite Arsenical Copper Striding Figure with Ibex Horns, a Raptor Skin Draped Around the Shoulders, and Upturned Boots Arsenical copper,ca 3000 BCE,from Iran or Mesopotamia. Sumerian culture.

Standing male worshiper, ca. 2900–2600 B.C. Sumerian. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

Painted unbaked clay statue of a god, Old Babylonian, 1800-1750 BCE, from a shrine at Ur

Female bone figurine wearing necklace, Predynastic, Naqada II, CIA 3500–3300 BC Egypt

Syrian stone spectacle idol, circa. 4th millennium b.c.

Gypsum statue of a woman Mesopotamia Early Dynastic III 2400 BCE