Oct. 1914. Ottomans closed the Dardanelles to Allied shipping, following an incident on 27 Sept. when the British Dardanelles squadron seized an Ottoman torpedo boat. The actual decision to close the strait was taken by German military advisors stationed in the Dardanelles without reference to the Ottoman government. 28 Oct. - Ottoman fleet, led by Yavûz Sultân Selîm, began raiding Russian assets in the Black Sea. Odessa and Sevastopol were bombarded, a minelayer and gunboat were sunk.
map of ottoman empire 1900 - Google Search
Listen up all you Home School Moms - This site is amazing. A History of the World in 100 objects. This was originally a radio show that was so popular they published it into a book. But now you can go to each artifact and there is a link to the radio show on that article you can listen to! Amazing.
Rhind Mathematical Papyrus. Thebes, Egypt, end of the Second Intermediate Period, around 1550 BC. A number of documents have survived that allow us insight into the ancient Egyptians' approach to mathematics. This papyrus is the most extensive.
The Turkic peoples entered Anatolia after the Mongols defeated the Seljuks of eastern Anatolia in the middle of the thirteenth century. After a period of turmoil, the Ottomans secured dominance.
Vindolanda was one of the main military posts on the northern frontier of Britain before the building of Hadrian's Wall. Exacavations there in 1973 uncovered writing tablets that are the oldest surviving handwritten documents in Britain. The tablets are wafer thin slices of wood, written on with carbon ink and quill-type pens.