The remarkably well preserved frozen mammoth was discovered in Siberia as part of a BBC/Discovery Channel-funded expedition and is believed to be at least 10,000 years old, if not older. If further study confirms the preliminary findings, it would be the first mammoth carcass revealing signs of human interaction in the region.
The Spinningdale cist burial Sutherland, Scotland: Fragments of the 4000 year-old sheepskin were discovered around the left arm bone of the skeleton of the middle aged female whose crouched body was contained within the burial cist. The women, believed to have been aged between 35 and 50, whose remains showed signs that she had been suffering from spinal joint disease. A radiocarbon date of 2051-1911 BC and 2151-2018 BC was obtained from bone and charcoal fragments
Lyuba is a female woolly mammoth calf who died 41,800 years ago at the age of 30 to 35 days. Lyuba is believed to have suffocated by inhaling mud while bogged down in deep mud in the bed of a river her herd was crossing. Lyuba appears to have been healthy at the time of her death. By examining Lyuba's teeth, researchers hope to gain insight into what caused Ice Age mammals, including the mammoths, to become extinct at the end of the Pleistocene era around 10,000 years ago
In Photos: 'Alien' Skulls Reveal Odd, Ancient Tradition
Nazca Skull--credits: Didier Descouens, Creative Commons. A deformed skull dating to between 200 B.C. and 100 B.C. and belonging to an individual of the Nazca culture, which flourished along the Peruvian coast.
Female skull from 300BC, found in a megalithic chamber tomb in Roque d'Aille in the Var. Exposed to a pyre. The skull had been trepanned -- carved open with flint and operated on for 3 hours. The artificial ear is made of seashell (spondylus Graederopus). Signs of wear (likely from the woman playing with her ear) show that the woman lived for many years after the open brain operation.
Windeby Boy discovered in 1952 in Windeby, Northern Germany. More than likely sacrificed or punished. The boy was 14 years old and showed signs of leg deformity as many bog bodies do. Perhaps a sign that ancient cultures sae deformities as evil or unfavored by their gods.