This is a studio photograph of a samurai wearing a haori jacket (with a family crest) and hakama pants. "Japan 1881" is penciled in. The backdrop suggests that it is from the Stillfried album. The samurai may be holding an imitation wooden sword. He also has a fan in his hand. On the back of the photograph is a photograph of Alexandria by Felix Bonfils.
Make sure there is enough light It gets more difficult to have a tack sharp focus in low light situation. Make sure you shoot in good lighting condition and raise your ISO if you need to - or use exposure compensation.