Illuminated Manuscript Map of the coast of Andalusia with the city of Grenada (Gharnātah), from Book on Navigation, Walters Art Museum Ms. W.658, fol. 261a by Walters Art Museum Illuminated Manuscripts.
The 1562 Map of the Americas by Diego Gutiérrez. Gutierrez's map features not only the Amazon River system and Lake Titicaca as well as other geographical features, but also fanciful depictions of parrots, monkeys, mermaids, huge sea creatures, Brazilian cannibals, Patagonian giants, and an erupting volcano in central Mexico. It was the first map to print the toponym "California". It recorded the first appearance of a word for "Appalachia," as the term "Apalchen."