Dumbarton Oaks | The Cultural Landscape Foundation
ENGLISH COTTAGE GARDEN TRADITION
CLASSIC ITALIAN TRADITION AND THE LAWN TRADITION “On a slope overlooking the dark waters and densely wooded shores of Laurel Lake we built a spacious and dignified house,” Edith Wharton wrote about The Mount, the estate which she created in Lenox, Massachusetts in 1902. Classical Italian garden style designed by Beatrix Farrand.
THE LAWN TRADITION
MEDITERRANEAN TRADITION This variant of the Beaux Arts Neoclassical style was popular in the American Country Place Era. Made possible by a fecund Mediterranean-like climate, these designs- often defined by orthogonal geometry and axial design elements- benefited from an internationally diverse plant palette and employed Beaux Arts/Neoclassical plans, forms, and elements from Italian Renaissance/Baroque and Islamic-era Spanish and Mediterranean prototypes…
IMITATION JAPANESE TRADITION These gardens in America primarily reference three Japanese garden design typologies: Shinden (strolling gardens), Tea House (viewing gardens), and kare-san-sui (Zen gardens). Japanese garden aesthetics have roots in Chinese prototypes and design principles; however, forms evolved in different ways, due in part to the influence of Zen Buddhism and Japan’s animistic Shinto heritage. Learn more at http://tclf.org/content/japanese
ROMANTIC NATURE TRADITION Picturesque | Evolved predominantly from mid-18th century British landscape design theory, this style sought to evoke “natural” landscape appearance of rougher terrain and dramatic asymmetric composition in contrast to the axial geometry of earlier Renaissance and Baroque landscapes, such as Versailles. The Picturesque style remained popular from the 1840s well into the early 20th century. Learn more at http://tclf.org/content/picturesque-0
ROMANTIC NATURE TRADITION W. Gary Smith, American garden designer
ROMANTIC NATURE TRADITION in painting by the garden artist W. Gary Smith, From Art to Landscape, Timber Press 2010 American garden designer specializing in arboreta, botanical and estate garden restoration demonstrates the value of observation and collaboration. His drawings and paintings form the basis of the design work. The gardens and ornament explore local ecological and cultural themes.