The Napoleonic Wars, which caused a surge in patriotism, inspired a renewed interest in traditional costumes. In 1812-1814, red and blue Russian dresses (sarafans) with an Empire-style waist and filigree buttons in the front became fashionable. / Empress Maria Feodorovna in a diamond tiara kokoshnik, circa 1880.
Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna (1847-1928). Her husband, Alexander III, died in 1894 so she is in mourning. Upon the Tsar's death, their son became Tsar Nicholas II. She escaped to England and Denmark after the Russian Revolution.