The Roman Empire in the 10th century

Ottonian dynasty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Depiction of the Ottonian family tree in a 13th-century manuscript of the Chronica sancti Pantaleonis.

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The burden of Ayyubid cavalry composed of Arabs, Kurds, in Persian and Turkish

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Gold ring, the beaded hoop terminating at globules at the shoulders, supporting the round flat bezel with beaded border enclosing a cloisonné pattern of three trefoils on a dark blue ground. German, 9-11th centuries A.D.

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The Investiture Controversy or Investiture Contest was the most significant conflict between Church and state in medieval Europe. In the 11th and 12th centuries, a series of popes challenged the authority of European monarchies. The issue was whether the pope or the monarch would name (invest) powerful local church officials such as bishops of cities and abbots of monasteries. The conflict ended in 1122, when Emperor Henry V and Pope Calixtus II agreed on the Concordat of Worms.

Merovingian Dirk Kennis Collection Early Medieval Works of Art 6th - 12th century, dealer and collector in Antwerp, Belgium, Germanic, Anglo-Saxon, Viking, Carolingian, Norman, Ottonian, Tassilo Chalice, Romanesque, Limoges champlevé enamel, Mosan cloisonné, Byzantine, gothic,renaissance, baroque artworks

In its basic forms, the crown dates to the second half of the tenth century. It goes back to the renovatio imperii (the renewal of the concept of Empire) under Emperor Otto I and was the most important symbol of the office of emperor in the Holy Roman Empire. Kept in the free imperial city of Nuremberg from the fifteenth century onwards, the crown was taken to Vienna in 1796 to prevent it falling into the hands of Napoleon. Since that time – with the exception of the National Socialist era –…

Eleventh Century Ottonian cover Leather, metal leaf, and ivory cover, Approx. 11th C, Germany, the text is 15th century. cc use

The Ottonian style did not produce surviving manuscripts from before about the 960s, when books known as the "Eburnant group" were made, perhaps at Lorsch, as several miniatures in the Gero Codex (now Darmstadt), the earliest and grandest of the group, copy those in the Carolingian Lorsch Gospels. This is the first stylistic group of the traditional "Reichenau school".

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