The Prince of Satsuma and his principal retainers - 1866 (photo from "Early Japanesese Images" Bennett 1996).
Tokugawa Yoshinobu, October 28, 1837 – November 22, 1913 was the 15th and last shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan. He was part of a movement which aimed to reform the aging shogunate, but was ultimately unsuccessful. After resigning in late 1867, he went into retirement, and largely avoided the public eye for the rest of his life. In 1902, the Meiji Emperor allowed him to reestablish his own house as a Tokugawa branch (bekke) with the rank of prince (kōshaku).
Samurai guards of the Dutch diplomatic mission in Nagasaki, shown with Western style rifles and attached bayonets, 1863.
A teenage Emperor Meiji with foreign representatives at the end of the Boshin War, 1868-1870.
幕末の人物 : [幕末写真集] 庶民の生活の変遷をとらえた写真 - NAVER まとめ
Samurai troops, Boshin war ers, late Edo period.
Shojutai (rifle unit) of the the Satsuma clan, Boshin war, late Edo period, they are holding what appears to be Warner carbines, made for James Warner of Springfield, Mass. by the Massachusetts Arms Co, circa 1864.
Rebel samurai troops of the former Bakufu (shogunate), being transported to Hokkaidō, 1869, Boshin war era.
Training of the Shogunate troops by the first French Military Mission to Japan in 1867, just before the Boshin war (1868–1869) which led to the Meiji restoration.